Completed 2018.

Funding: Argosy Foundation.

FSC conducted research and analysis focused on modeling the social and economic costs for flood-risk reduction in urban areas. Social vulnerability indices were developed for Milwaukee County, Wisconsin and integrated with Hazus flood-damage estimates to move toward a more holistic approach of understanding all costs (direct and indirect) of flooding in a community. The results show a need for more complete urban flood mapping (i.e. moving beyond riverine only H&H models to include 2D models) and also show a need to better understand and include flood hazard specific indicators (e.g. % of population with flood insurance) within the demographic characteristics utilized in social vulnerability indices.